The 10 Sustainable Building categories

When submitting ESD information applicants are asked to address 10 core categories. Policy objectives, City Development Services expectations and resources are listed for each below.

Clause 22.02 Objective

The overarching objective is that development should achieve best practice in environmentally sustainable development from the design stage through to construction and operation.

Expectation

  • Building orientation and design are to optimise passive design.

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To achieve a healthy indoor environment quality for the wellbeing of building occupants, including the provision of fresh air intake, cross ventilation, and natural daylight
  • To achieve thermal comfort levels with minimised need for mechanical heating, ventilation and cooling
  • To reduce indoor air pollutants by encouraging use of materials with low toxic chemicals
  • To reduce reliance on mechanical heating, ventilation, cooling and lighting systems
  • To minimise noise levels and noise transfer within and between buildings and associated external areas.

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Improve the energy performance of buildings through siting and design measures that encourage:
    - passive design responses that minimise the need for heating, cooling and lighting.

Expectation

  • Adequate daylight to all habitable rooms including commercial spaces
  • Effective natural ventilation including openable windows in all habitable rooms
  • Residential: Windows are able to be locked open and have provision for insect screens, to encourage use
  • Residential: Northern glazing to allow winter, warming sun in living areas.

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To improve the efficient use of energy, by ensuring development demonstrates design potential for environmentally sustainable design indicatives at the planning stage
  • To reduce total operating greenhouse gas emissions
  • To reduce energy peak demand through particular design measures (e.g. appropriate building orientation, shading to glazed surfaces, optimise glazing to exposed surfaces, space allocation for solar panels and external heating and cooling systems).

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Ensure a comprehensive site analysis forms the starting point of the design process and provides the basis for the consideration of height, scale, massing and energy performance of new development
  • Improve the energy performance of buildings through siting and design measures that encourage:

- Passive design responses that minimise the need for heating, cooling and lighting.

- On-site renewable energy generation and storage technology

- Use of low embodied energy materials.

Expectations

  • Thermal performance of buildings to have a minimum 10% improvement on the NCC requirement
  • Residential: provide preliminary NatHERS ratings indicating a 7 star minimum rating
  • Effective external shading to glazed doors and windows in habitable rooms

- Residential: glazing facing north and west, and over 2m2 cumulative glazing in living spaces facing east

  • Energy efficient hot water, heating and cooling systems within one energy star rating of the best available (including pools and spa heating)
  • An external clotheslines per dwelling appropriate to hang bed linen
  • Limit operation of equipment to save energy where appropriate (e.g. sensors to common and external lighting, HVAC CO2 monitoring, etc.)
  • Design roof orientation and size to accommodate solar panels.

Guidance

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To improve water efficiency
  • To reduce total operating potable water use
  • To encourage the collection and reuse of stormwater
  • To encourage the appropriate use of alternative water sources (e.g. greywater).

(See also the Integrated water management policy objectives listed under ‘Stormwater Management’ below).

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

Encourage water efficiency and the use of rainwater, stormwater and recycled water.

Expectations

  • Best practice water efficiency water for fixtures, appliances and irrigation
  • Optimised rainwater capture for onsite use (e.g. toilet flushing, laundry and irrigation)
  • Minimise water use in testing fire safety systems (e.g. through capture for on-site reuse).

Guidance

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To reduce the impact of stormwater run-off
  • To improve the water quality of stormwater run-off
  • To achieve best practice stormwater quality outcomes
  • To incorporate the use of water sensitive urban design, including stormwater re-use.

Clause 53.18 Objectives for subdivision

  • To minimise damage to properties and inconvenience to the public from stormwater
  • To ensure that the street operates adequately during major storm events and provides for public safety
  • To minimise increases in stormwater and protect the environmental values and physical characteristics of receiving waters from degradation by stormwater
  • To encourage stormwater management that maximises the retention and reuse of stormwater
  • To encourage stormwater management that contributes to cooling, local habitat improvements and provision of attractive and enjoyable spaces.

Clause 53.18 Objectives for buildings and works

  • To encourage stormwater management that maximises the retention and reuse of stormwater
  • To encourage development that reduces the impact of stormwater on the drainage system and filters sediment and waste from stormwater prior to discharge from the site
  • To encourage stormwater management that contributes to cooling, local habitat improvements and provision of attractive and enjoyable spaces
  • To ensure that industrial and commercial chemical pollutants and other toxicants do not enter the stormwater system.

Clause 53.18 Objectives for site management during construction

  • To protect drainage infrastructure and receiving waters from sedimentation and contamination
  • To protect the site and surrounding area from environmental degradation prior to and during construction of subdivision works.

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Encourage water efficiency and the use of rainwater, stormwater and recycled water
  • Minimise stormwater discharge through site layout and landscaping measures that support on-site infiltration and stormwater reuse.

Expectations

  • Follow Brimbank ESD guidance for Water Sensitive Urban Design
  • Provide WSUD strategies and maintenance that endure for the life of the development.

Guidance


Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

The ESD Policy doesn’t have a heading for Materials, though see objectives for Waste Management:

  • To promote waste avoidance, reuse and recycling during the design, construction and operation stages of development
  • To ensure durability and long-term reusability of building materials.

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Encourage use of recycled and reusable materials in building construction and undertake adaptive reuse of buildings, where practical
  • Improve the energy performance of buildings through siting and design measures that encourage:

- Use of low embodied energy materials.

Expectations

  • Retain as much of the existing structure as possible.
  • Material choices with reduced environmental impact (e.g. reused, recycled content, low embodied energy, timber from sustainable certified plantations, concrete with cement substitution and/or recycled aggregate).

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To ensure that the built environment is designed to promote the use of walking, cycling and public transport, in that order
  • To minimise car dependency
  • To promote the use of low emissions vehicle technologies and supporting infrastructure.

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Ensure development considers and responds to transport movement networks and provides safe access and egress for pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles.

Expectations

  • Provide undercover, secure, parking for occupant bicycles with access to an electrical outlet:

- Residential: bicycle per dwelling (no car movement or lifting)

- Non-Res: exceed bicycle parking required by Clause 52.34 by 50% (min. of 1) with 1 locker per occupant bicycle and a shower for every 10 bicycles*

*(less when remote from residential areas and public transport).

  • Provide infrastructure to support electric vehicles charging:

- Houses: Level 1 (15 amp. min.)

- Apartments: Level 2 (32 amp. min.)

- Non-res: Level 2 (32 amp. min.) 5% occupant vehicle car parking bays, with a minimum of 1.

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To promote waste avoidance, reuse and recycling during the design, construction and operation stages of development
  • To ensure durability and long-term reusability of building materials
  • To ensure sufficient space is allocated for future change in waste management needs, including (where possible) composting and green waste facilities.

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Ensure the layout and design of development supports resource recovery, including separation, storage and collection of waste, mixed recycling, glass, organics and e-waste.

Expectations

  • Designate waste / recycling areas to allow for current and future expansion of waste streams. (See Cl. 15.01-2S of the Planning Scheme)
  • Provide a recycling target for demolition and construction waste to minimise landfill waste.

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

  • To protect and enhance biodiversity within the municipality
  • To provide environmentally sustainable landscapes and natural habitats, and minimise the urban heat island effect
  • To encourage the retention of significant trees
  • To encourage the planting of indigenous vegetation
  • To encourage the provision of space for productive gardens, particularly in larger residential developments.

Clause 15.01-2S Strategies

  • Ensure development provides landscaping that responds to its site context, enhances built form, creates safe and attractive spaces and supports cooling and greening of urban areas.

Expectations

  • Residential:

- provide a tap and drain on apartment balconies and taps to courtyards

- enhanced foliage to increase urban cooling.

  • Provide tree canopy to shade large paved areas (e.g. one tree every 6 parking bays)
  • Roofs to be medium or lighter coloured where visible, and as light as possible where not visible. (e.g. Solar Absorbance ≤ 0.6 where visible).

Guidance

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02 Objectives

The ESD Policy doesn’t have a heading for Construction and Building Management, though states:

  • The development should achieve best practice in environmentally sustainable development from the design stage through to construction and operation.

Expectations

  • Provide a Builder’s Users Guide for complex or multi-tenanted buildings.

Other Guidance

Clause 22.02

  • It is policy to ensure innovative technology, design and processes positively influence the sustainability of all development.

Expectations

  • Innovative solutions for complex and/or larger scale development.

Other Guidance

Additional resources

Resources

There is a wide range of resources available online from government and non-government organisations. This includes general ESD guidance at a national level, more specific information for Victoria, and information focused on key ESD categories.

Need assistance

Please email the Brimbank ESD Officer if you would like assistance.

Glossary of terms

  • BAU – Business-as-Usual refers to typical rather than ‘best practice’ building design and construction
  • BESS - The Built Environment Sustainability Scorecard is a green building rating tool
  • BUG – A Building User Guide is written to inform occupants of a building’s ESD features, and how these are best operated to improve environmental performance
  • ESD - Environmentally Sustainable Design (ESD) aims to improve the health and comfort of building occupants while reducing the negative environmental impacts of a development
  • GBCA - Green Building Council of Australia is the peak NGO focused on the sustainable transformation of the Australian built environment
  • LPD - Legal point of discharge is the Council designated stormwater drainage point for a particular site
  • MUSIC – Model for Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation is a stormwater modelling tool
  • NATHERS - The Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme is a thermal performance rating tool for dwellings
  • NCC – The National Construction Code is the building code shared by all Australian states and territories.
  • OSD - On-Site Detention provides for the slow release of stormwater to avoid overloading the drainage system when it rains
  • SDA - Sustainable Design Assessment is an ESD report for smaller projects
  • SDAPP - Sustainable Design Assessment in the Planning Process is the framework for assessing the ESD credentials of proposed development.
  • SMP - Sustainable design management plan is an ESD report for larger projects
  • STORM - Stormwater Treatment Objective - Relative Measure is a stormwater modelling tool
  • WSUD - Water Sensitive Urban Design improves urban design to improve the impact of stormwater runoff from development.
Last updated: 7 June 2024 - 11:55am